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Ebook El ascenso de los robots by Martin Ford read! Book Title: El ascenso de los robots
The author of the book: Martin Ford
Language: English
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 6.97 MB
Edition: Paidos México
Date of issue: September 15th 2016

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¿Cuáles serán los empleos del futuro? ¿Cuántos habrá? ¿Quién los tendrá? Podemos imaginar —y esperar— que la revolución industrial que vivimos hoy resulte como la anterior. Es decir que aún cuando algunos trabajos desaparezcan, se generen otros más para hacer frente a las innovaciones de una nueva era.

Sin embargo esta vez el panorama no será igual. Empresario en Silicon Valley con una larga trayectoria, Martin Ford asegura en El ascenso de los robots que conforme la tecnología avance en su desarrollo vertiginoso y las máquinas comiencen a hacerse cargo de ellas mismas, cada vez menos personas serán necesarias para realizar cada vez más tareas.

Asistentes jurídicos, periodistas, oficinistas, programadores de computadoras están a punto de ser reemplazados por robots y software inteligente. Tanto los empleos más especializados como los intermedios se evaporarán, y las familias de clase media y trabajadora se verán en mayores dificultades. Podrá haber un desempleo masivo y una gran desigualdad.

Pero esta vez, capacitar y educar no será la solución. ¿Verá el futuro una prosperidad amplia o niveles catastróficos de desigualdad e inseguridad económica?

Una lectura indispensable para cualquiera que desee comprender lo que implica la tecnología acelerada para sus propios prospectos económicos, los de sus hijos, y de la sociedad como un todo.

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Ebook El ascenso de los robots read Online! Martin Ford is the author of the two books Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future (2015) and The Lights In the Tunnel: Automation, Accelerating Technology and the Economy of the Future (2009) — both dealing with the effects of automation and mass-unemployment. He is the founder of a Silicon Valley-based software development firm, and obtained a computer engineering degree from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and a graduate business degree from UCLA's Anderson School of Management.

Ford was the first 21st century author[1] to publish a book (The Lights in the Tunnel in 2009) making a strong argument that advances in robotics and artificial intelligence would eventually make a large fraction of the human workforce obsolete.[2] In subsequent years, other books have made similar arguments, and Ford's thesis has been supported by a number of formal academic studies, most notably by Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael A. Osborne of Oxford University, who found in 2013 that the jobs held by roughly 47 percent of the U.S. workforce could be susceptible to automation within the next two decades.[3]

In his most recent book Rise of the Robots, he argues that the growth of automation now threatens many highly-educated people, like lawyers, radiologists, and software designers.[4] To deal with the rise of unemployment, he is in favor of a basic income guarantee.[5]

Both of Ford's books focus on the fact that widespread automation could potentially undermine economic growth or even lead to a deflationary spiral because jobs are the primary mechanism for distributing purchasing power to consumers.[6] He has warned that as income becomes ever more concentrated into the hands of a tiny elite, the bulk of consumers will eventually lack the income and confidence to continue supplying demand to the mass market industries that form the backbone of the modern economy.[7]

Ford strongly supports both capitalism and continued technological progress but believes it will be necessary to adapt our economic system to the new reality created by advances in artificial intelligence, and that some form of basic income guarantee is the best way to do this.[8] In Rise of the Robots he cites the Peltzman effect (or risk compensation) as evidence that the safety net created by a guaranteed income might well result in increased economic risk taking and a more dynamic and entrepreneurial economy.

Ford has also argued for incorporating explicit incentives — especially for pursuing education — into a basic income scheme, suggesting for example that those who graduate from high school (or complete an equivalency exam) ought to receive a somewhat higher guaranteed income than those who drop out. Without this, many marginal or "at risk" students would be presented with a perverse incentive to simply drop out and collect the basic income.

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